Thus, 2020 is thought to be an inflection point for the emerging low-carbon hydrogen market with the projects’ pipeline having quadrupled (Wood Mackenzie).
Air Products & Chemicals, the U.S. industrial gas giant, announced plans on Tuesday to build a green hydrogen plant in Saudi Arabia powered by 4 gigawatts of wind and solar power, the world's largest such project announced so far.
Running on 100% renewable power, it will be equally owned by the three partners- Air Products, Saudi Arabia's ACWA Power and Neom.
A new mega-city planned near Saudi Arabia’s borders with Egypt and Jordan.
Their goal is to produce 650 tonnes per day of hydrogen using thyssenkrupp electrolysers and 1.2 million tonnes per year of green ammonia using Haldor Topsoe technology, with nitrogen coming from Air Products air separation technology.
The fuel will be shipped as ammonia to end markets globally then converted back to hydrogen. Ammonia production is expected to start in 2025.
In addition to the $5 billion plant, the project will require $2 billion of new distribution infrastructure, to be owned by Air Products
Earlier this year Shell, Dutch natural gas infrastructure and transportation company Gasunie and port operator Groningen Seaports have formed a joint venture to develop a renewable hydrogen project in the north of the Netherlands.
It is planned to have 3 to 4 gigawatts of offshore wind capacity established in the North Sea by 2030 purely for the manufacture of green hydrogen. Electrolyzers will be based in Eemshaven, along the northern coast of the Netherlands, and potentially offshore as well.
By 2040, the NortH2 project will have an annual green hydrogen production capacity of 800,000 tonnes with power from up to 10GW of offshore wind turbines in the North Sea.
They hope to develop a “European Hydrogen Valley” cluster and they have already commenced with the feasibility study as well as discussions with the relevant European, national, regional and local authorities on the regulatory and policy frameworks, enabling stable and positive investment decisions.
BP Australia is conducting a feasibility study into an export-scale renewable hydrogen production facility in Western Australia that will include an initial investment from bp of (AUS) $2.7 million, with a further $1.7 million being funded by Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA).
BP expects to complete the feasibility study in early 2021 on whether to build a pilot plant in the town of Geraldton to produce 20,000 tonnes a year of ammonia and later a commerical-scale facility capable of 1 million tonnes.
The potential pilot plant will explore the production of green hydrogen, using onsite and/or grid-sourced renewable power. This will then be converted into around 20 kilo-tonnes per annum (ktpa) of green ammonia. Once developed to commercial scale, this is expected to increase to around 1,000 ktpa of green ammonia, targeted at domestic and export markets.
The commercial-scale plant would require around 1.5GW of power, which is expected to be sourced from greenfield renewable power generation. Lightsource bp will provide and advise on the renewable power solutions.
The world’s first commercial-scale green-hydrogen plant to be powered solely by surplus offshore wind energy has been announced by a trio of Belgian companies- Offshore engineer DEME, Flanders-focused financier PMV and the Port of Ostend.
The planned location is in the Plassendale 1 port area and the project will be fully operational by 2025.
The end product, the green hydrogen, will serve as an energy source for electricity, mobility, heat and fuel, as well as for raw material for industrial centers. Green hydrogen is produced without releasing CO2. It is therefore fully renewable and aligns with the group’s energy transition goals.
The companies plan to build a 50MW demonstration project at the port — set to be the world’s largest electrolyser plant. They point out that Belgium will have 2.26GW of offshore wind installed by the end of this year, with a further 1.75GW to be developed.
The Hyport Oostende project will have an element of energy storage, with the companies announcing that “by 2022, the roll-out of a large-scale shore-based power project, running on green hydrogen, will start”.
The new plant will produce hydrogen from natural gas in combination with carbon capture and storage (CCS).
The project will be located at Saltend Chemicals Park near the city of Hull and its initial phase comprises a 600 megawatt auto thermal reformer (ATR) with carbon capture, the largest plant of its kind in the world, to convert natural gas to hydrogen.
When operational, it will enable industrial customers in the Park to fully switch to hydrogen, and the power plant in the Park to move to a 30% hydrogen to natural gas blend. Consequently, emissions from Saltend Chemicals Park are predicted to reduce by nearly 900,000 tonnes of CO2 per year.
125,000 tonnes of hydrogen are anticipated to be produced annually. This will enable a large-scale hydrogen network, open to both blue hydrogen (produced from natural gas with CCS) and green hydrogen (produced from electrolysis of water using renewable power), as well as a network for transporting and storing captured CO2 emissions.
It is estimated that fuel switching to hydrogen could create 43,000 new job opportunities in energy-intensive industrial sectors across the UK.
Hydrogen is going to play a key role in transition to clean energy over the coming decades as it takes a stronger position in the oil and gas industry's decarbonisation endeavours. In 2020 there has been a slower industry activity, however net-zero carbon targets support has remained.
Hear about the latest hydrogen case studies at the virtual Go Net Zero Carbon Energy summit (Jan 26-27).